There are many different treatments available for prostate cancer. The type of treatment given will depend on your PSA result, the grade and stage of your cancer (how fast it is growing and how far it has spread outside of the prostate), your symptoms, your overall health and your personal preferences.

If there is a low risk that your prostate cancer will cause you harm, you may be offered Active Surveillance. This involves regular testing to check for any changes to the cancer. If the cancer changes, you may need treatment.

If your cancer is higher risk, you will be offered treatment. Different treatments come with differing side effects some of which include urinary problems, erection and ejaculation problems, bowel problems, fatigue, depression and anxiety.

You may need to meet with several different cancer specialists such as a urologist, radiation oncologist and/or medical oncologist to discuss your treatment options.

More information can be found in Prostate cancer – a guide for newly-diagnosed men

Downloadable PCFA Resource

Should I have a PSA test? PCFA PSA Testing resources

Men over age 50, or 40 with a family history of prostate cancer, should talk to their doctor about testing for prostate cancer using the PSA test as part of their regular health check-up.

Men should make an informed decision about testing based on the latest available evidence on the benefits and potential harms of testing and subsequent treatment for prostate cancer. More information on PSA testing can be found at